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HomePediatrics: General MedicinePediatric Urolithiasis

Pediatric Urolithiasis

Background

Urolithiasis, kidney stones, renal stones, and renal calculi are interchangeably used to refer to the accretion of hard, solid, nonmetallic minerals in the urinary tract (see the image below). Nephrocalcinosis is a term that refers to increased calcium content in the parenchyma of the kidney.

Three groups of kidney stones are shown. Groups at

Three groups of kidney stones are shown. Groups at left and center contain varying concentrations of calcium, phosphate, and oxalate. The group of stones on the right is composed of cysteine.

Patient and parent education regarding risk factors for additional stone formation and diet and medication complications is very important. For patient education information, see the Kidneys and Urinary System Center, as well as Kidney Stones and Blood in the Urine.

For more information, see the Medscape Reference topic Nephrolithiasis.

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