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Thromboembolism Prophylaxis in Gynecologic Surgery


Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a leading cause of disability and death in postoperative hospitalized gynecologic patients. Pulmonary embolism (PE) remains the most common preventable cause of hospital death and is responsible for approximately 150,000-200,000 deaths per year in the United States.
In general, VTE occurs in the form of a deep venous thrombosis (DVT) or PE.

Other chronic conditions may result from acute conditions such as postthrombotic syndrome, venous insufficiency, and pulmonary hypertension. This article provides practical background and evidence-based recommendations for clinical practice.

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