Tuesday, February 7, 2023

Urinalysis

Reference Range

Normal values are as follows:

Color – Yellow (light/pale to dark/deep amber)

Clarity/turbidity – Clear or cloudy

pH – 4.5-8

Specific gravity – 1.005-1.025

Glucose – ≤130 mg/d

Ketones – None

Nitrites – Negative

Leukocyte esterase – Negative

Bilirubin – Negative

Urobilirubin – Small amount (0.5-1 mg/dL)

Blood – ≤3 RBCs

Protein – ≤150 mg/d

RBCs – ≤2 RBCs/hpf

WBCs – ≤2-5 WBCs/hpf

Squamous epithelial cells – ≤15-20 squamous epithelial cells/hpf

Casts – 0-5 hyaline casts/lpf

Crystals – Occasionally

Bacteria – None

Yeast – None

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