The inguinofemoral region is a relatively complex one that is significant for clinicians across various fields. Recognition of normal and pathologic variation within this region is important to many surgical disciplines, including general, vascular, plastic, oncologic, gynecologic, and urologic surgery. Medical intensivists, cardiologists, general physicians, and pediatricians also require a working understanding of the femoral sheath and inguinal canal. Inguinofemoral anatomy has been well described in detail;
the focus of this article is on anatomic considerations relevant to the clinical diagnosis and care of patients, with particular emphasis on procedural and urgent medicine.