The female pelvis is accustomed to a wide range of natural and pathologic conditions that a woman may experience in her life. The uterus significantly enlarges during pregnancy. The ovaries can be subject to various natural and pathologic states ranging from benign cysts to advanced ovarian carcinoma.
From the gross anatomy of the female pelvis to the microscopic anatomy, form follows function and allows for reproductive processes as well the possibility for pathologic conditions. The anatomy of the female genitourinary organs (see the image below) is addressed in the following section, along with certain anatomic variants.
Female urinary organs, anterior view.