Advances in neuroimaging have led to revision of treatment concepts for cerebellar hemorrhage (CH). In the pre–computed tomography (CT) era, patients with large hematomas (which were detected by angiography or at postmortem examination) were overrepresented in clinical series. Surgical therapy was stressed. With the availability of cranial CT, patients with milder symptoms and smaller hematomas are increasingly detected. Nonsurgical management has been found to be effective in some of these patients. Management recommendations are still being optimized to improve outcomes.