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Kindler Syndrome

Background

Kindler syndrome (KS) was first described in 1954 by Theresa Kindler. Kindler syndrome is a rare subtype of epidermolysis bullosa (EB), along with EB simplex, junctional EB, and dystrophic EB. Kindler syndrome is an autosomal recessive genodermatosis characterized by congenital acral skin blistering, photosensitivity, progressive poikiloderma, and diffuse cutaneous atrophy. Mucosal manifestations are common, with frequent involvement of the oral mucosa, gingiva, and gastrointestinal tract. Various complications and associated features have been identified. See the image below.

Images show the progression of lesions. A and B: A

Images show the progression of lesions. A and B: At birth, acral blisters and erosions are present. C and D: At age 5 years, atrophy and reticulated erythema with dyschromic patches are noted. E and F: At age 7 years, progressive poikilodermatous changes with reticulated erythema and telangiectasia occur. G and H: At age 10 and 15 years, poikiloderma with telangiectasia and depigmentation are observed. Excoriations are due to pruritus. Reprinted from Yasukawa K, Sato-Matsumura KC, McMillan J, et al: Exclusion of COL7A1 mutation in Kindler syndrome. J Am Acad Dermatol 2002 Mar; 46(3): 447-50. Courtesy of the American Academy of Dermatology.

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