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Visceral Larva Migrans

Background

Several roundworm parasites found in domestic animals can infect humans. Parasites are usually found in the larval stages in human tissues and provoke the clinical condition referred to as larva migrans. Toxocara species, the ascarid of dogs and cats, is most commonly associated with larva migrans. Classic visceral larva migrans (VLM) typically occurs in preschool-aged children with a history of eating dirt. Children can present with severe infection and can suffer from seizures, myocarditis, and encephalitis. Death has also been reported in some cases.

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